Thursday, October 05, 2006

gay marriage vs polygamy


http://www.slate.com/id/2138482/nav/tap1/
Don't Do Unto Others
The difference between gay marriage and polygamy.

By William Saletan
Updated Thursday, March 23, 2006, at 12:45 AM ET

Uh oh. Conservatives are starting to hyperventilate again. You know
the symptoms: In a haystack of right-wing dominance, they find a
needle of radicalism, declare it a mortal danger to civilization, and
use it to rally their voters in the next election. First it was
flag-burning. Then it was the "war on Christmas." Now it's polygamy.
Having crushed gay marriage nationwide in 2004, they need to gin up a
new threat to the family. They've found it in Big Love, the HBO series
about a guy with three wives. Open the door to gay marriage, they
warn, and group marriage will be next.

My friend Charles Krauthammer makes the argument succinctly in the
Washington Post. "Traditional marriage is defined as the union of (1)
two people of (2) opposite gender," he observes. "If, as advocates of
gay marriage insist, the gender requirement is nothing but prejudice,
exclusion and an arbitrary denial of one's autonomous choices," then
"on what grounds do they insist upon the traditional, arbitrary and
exclusionary number of two?"

Here's the answer. The number isn't two. It's one. You commit to one
person, and that person commits wholly to you. Second, the number
isn't arbitrary. It's based on human nature. Specifically, on
jealousy.

In an excellent Weekly Standard article against gay marriage and
polygamy, Stanley Kurtz of the Hudson Institute discusses several
recent polygamous unions. In one case, "two wives agreed to allow
their husbands to establish a public and steady sexual relationship."
Unfortunately, "one of the wives remains uncomfortable with this
arrangement," so "the story ends with at least the prospect of one
marriage breaking up." In another case, "two bisexual-leaning men meet
a woman and create a threesome that produces two children, one by each
man." Same result: "the trio's eventual breakup."

Look up other articles on polygamy, even sympathetic ones, and you'll
see the pattern. A Columbia News Service report on last month's
national conference of polyamorists=97people who love, but don't
necessarily marry, multiple partners=97features Robyn Trask, the
managing editor of a magazine called Loving More. The conference Web
site says she "has been practicing polyamory for 16 years." But
according to the article, "When Trask confronted her husband about
sneaking around with a long-distance girlfriend for three months, he
denied it. =85 The couple is now separated and plans to divorce." A
Houston Press article on another couple describes how "John and
Brianna opened up their relationship to another woman," but "it ended
badly, with the woman throwing dishes." Now they're in another
threesome. "I do get jealous at times," John tells the reporter. "But
not to the point where I can't flip it off."

Good luck, John. I'm sure polyamorists are right that lots of people
"find joy in having close relationships =85 with multiple partners." The
average guy would love to bang his neighbor's wife. He just doesn't
want his wife banging his neighbor. Fidelity isn't natural, but
jealousy is. Hence the one-spouse rule. One isn't the number of people
you want to sleep with. It's the number of people you want your spouse
to sleep with.

We've been this way for a long time. Look at the Ten Commandments.
One: "Thou shalt have no other gods before me." Two: "Thou shalt not
make unto thee any graven image =85 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to
them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God." Three:
"Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain." In case
the message isn't clear enough, the list proceeds to "Thou shalt not
commit adultery" and "shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife."

Some people say the Bible sanctions polygamy. "Abraham, David, Jacob
and Solomon were all favored by God and were all polygamists," argues
law professor Jonathan Turley. Favored? Look what polygamy did for
them. Sarah told Abraham to sleep with her servant. When the servant
got pregnant and came to despise Sarah, Sarah kicked her out. Rachel
and Leah fought over Jacob, who ended up stripping his eldest son of
his birthright for sleeping with Jacob's concubine. David got rid of
Bathsheba's husband by ordering troops to betray him in battle.
Promiscuity had the first word, but jealousy always had the last.

Thousands of years later, we've changed our ideas about slavery,
patriarchy, and homosexuality. But we're still jealous. While 21
percent of married or divorced Americans admit to having cheated (and
surveys suggest husbands are more likely than wives to stray
emotionally and physically), only one in four women says she'd give a
cheating husband or boyfriend a second chance, and only 5 to 6 percent
of adults consider polygamy or extramarital affairs morally
acceptable. As the above cases show, even people who try to practice
polygamy struggle with feelings of betrayal.

Krauthammer finds the gay/poly divergence perplexing. "Polygamy was
sanctioned, indeed common" for ages, he observes. "What is
historically odd is that as gay marriage is gaining acceptance, the
resistance to polygamy is much more powerful." But when you factor in
jealousy, the oddity disappears. Women shared husbands because they
had to. The alternative was poverty. As women gained power, they began
to choose what they really wanted. And what they really wanted was the
same fidelity that men expected from them.

Gays who seek to marry want the same thing. They're not looking for
the right to sleep around. They already have that. It's called dating.
A friend once explained to me why gay men have sex on the first date:
Nobody says no. Your partner, being of the same sex, is as eager as
you are to get it on. But he's also as eager as you are to get it on
with somebody else. And if you really like him, you don't want that.
You want him all to yourself. That's why marriage, not polygamy, is in
your nature, and in our future.

William Saletan is Slate's national correspondent and author of
Bearing Right: How Conservatives Won the Abortion War.
Photograph of gay wedding cake topper on the Slate home page by Elyse
Lewin/PictureArts.

1 comment:

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